Monday, October 25, 2010

IAR 222: POINT ESSAY ALTERNATIVES

This portion of our History and Theory of Design class finished up the Gothic period of architecture and design and throws us into the Renaissance period strongly as we analyze the specifics of it, then on to introduce the Baroque period.



While in Rome, we study the Gothic ideas and revelations which lie within it. As we discover catacombs as the place to practice safe worship, we also find similarities between them and the church with invitational purposes and their greater meanings, looking into depth at the altar. The idea of procession is found, whether it is concentrated on the beginning of life to death, or another analogy. An important strategy of the Gothic movement is that within a single building the entire universe must be expressed. These strategies become an important factor to consider while we see that the Gothic world puts much concentration on verticality, de-materialization, and the story telling potential through glass, and from this we find prototypes all around the world as the cultural and social world unite. Religious aspects are emphasized upon as not only these massive cathedrals fly up everywhere we look, but the rise of the monetary, the convent, and pilgrimage church is very strong. To conclude the Gothic portion of this unit we find strong notions and concepts.
- The main concept is “Ecstasy and Exultation,” which essentially relates to the shaping of space around the light, colors, and amplifiers themselves.
- “Shaping illumination to resemble the divine.”
- All oriented around the same religion, the Gothic cathedrals are primarily in a network, and through adaptations to local positions, we find differences, which essentially push us towards the Renaissance.





Moving onward into the renaissance period we see that the notion of protection is no longer as important, and as it falls away, comfort arises. The Renaissance inhabits no one style, but many, as we discover that there are no rules, boundaries, limits, or laws as to what is acceptable and what is not. It is a revival of the trial and error idea as people find their own identities, and finally start to do things the way they personally like as they break the architectural rules. There is an intent to create new tradition for all as we move into an era where man is the measure of all things. This is when our principles of design, still used today, are not just created for the most part, but installed into our world. Ideas of rhythm, repetition of elements, contrast between two things, and emphasis on borders are applied to building design, and compose some of our other elements such as harmony, unity, balance, and proportion. A name is made for not only each community, but individual, as drastic propositions are taken and create much drama and theatricality. As this theatricality is grasped and enhanced, the Baroque period is born. Life within this period is lived out in theater as is becomes the human environment and is applied to all aspects of design and architectural influence.




Credits:
http://www.gargoylegothica.com/
http://www.bloggersbase.com/travel/roam-in-ancient-vibrant-city-rome/
http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Hall_of_Mirrors.JPG

Villa Savoye








Sunday, October 17, 2010

READING COMPREHENSION IV- IAR 222

QUESTION ONE




“Architecture has become but one constituent part in what was “a total work of art.”
(Roth, 404)


ARTIFACT
Emphasis. Emphasis is the word I have chosen for the following artifacts. This comes from the idea of parts. Whether it is the object as a whole of parts which has the emphasis placed upon it's individuals, or the single parts of a whole creating the complete in which the emphasis is placed upon. Emphasis defined in it's simplest terms is the importance placed on a certain subject. Broken down it can single out many attributes, among the piece observed. Each piece of furniture, although used very differently, have similar characteristics. Some of these could be a quality such as the extravagant ornamentation, or the thin and fragile quality, but what I believe as the definite of them all is the notion of flexible movement contained within a sturdy object. Design is easily linked to science as we confer the analogy; electron movements: inanimate objects as to chaotic filigree: stationary artifact.


SPACE
Line. Line is the word I have chosen for the following spaces. The common definition of line is a single mark of progression. When a line is drawn, some would see only the mark it creates, but some would focus on the two parts, or absence thereof, it leaves us with. In each space, although from divergent time spans, we discover very elaborate thought in detail and intricacy within three parts of each space. After analyzing the spaces given, considering the idea of separation would be optimal. Excluding the artifacts in between, these three parts are the flooring, the walls, and the ceilings. Each part speaks its identity to us in different ways. These ways could be through pattern, order, style, etc. The overall strategic effort is to focus on what separates the parts. The crown molding often becomes lost within a space, due to its efforts to imply focus on the in between. If thought of this way it closely relates to a line, which has the ability to not only create one, but essentially two or more spaces.


BUILDING
Repetition. Repetition is the word I have chosen for the following buildings. Similar to the first two responses, this last one also inhabits the focus of parts. Repetition defined is the repeat of two or more parts. Although these buildings obtain the utmost forms of symmetry, order, and balance, the main focus is directed toward another principle. In each building, despite the vast distances between, we discover the importance of repetition to the design as a prominent principle. Each building takes one unit of the whole, copying it many times, while using either similar or identical measurements between each individual unit, and essentially causing repetition. When observing the facades, whether accepting a column or window as the unit, we find this principle of repetition in each building.




QUESTION THREE





My Floor plan is a spin off from the idea behind the Villa Rotunda, which is essentially one of the greatest works of Palladio. "Center" becomes the focus of the plan as is is halved and shapes are added to exemplify repetition, balance, and symmetry. It focuses on the square, or in this case diamond, and the triangles the shape can create within it.




QUESTION FOUR


The idea of theatrical performance is one which closely relates to the Baroque style period. Theater is putting on a show for an audience through elaboration, over exaggeration, and role-playing. Each of these important factors described are all characteristics of the Baroque period. The style period was all about extravagance and over indulgence to place ideas in the minds of society.

LA COUPE (the cut) : IAR 201


Section Elevation

...initial idea for Urban Studio cancer wellness center.

Sunday, October 3, 2010

POINT ESSAY. foundations unit. IAR 222


As we travel through Mesopotamia, America, China, and Egypt we find the first signs of architecture the world has to offer us. Humanities first efforts tend to be much the same, no matter where we look upon earths surface. We find that circles, lines, and stacks are all introduced in different forms and ways. All civilizations are putting forth an effort to convey their story, not only within their culture but to all present and future cultures of the world. We find a notion of longevity and stories within the society over many generations. In order to tell these stories visually, mass efforts were put forth through architecture by means of scale. Massive installments were made upon earths surface, with an established vertical axis which was inscribed between humanity and the heavens.
Making our way to Greece, we are able to add an element to our list. Not only do we find balance, although asymmetrical upon the acropolis, we now compile circles, lines, stacks, and form. In Greece, everything seems to lead to, or be a sign to something else. No lines are parallel to one another, and we discover that artfully crafting a building is much more complicated than it may seem. We also find that the center is very important. It is real and ideal. Egypt becomes the prototype for Greece's architecture, as we discover the scheme of porch, court, and hearth. Lines of symmetry are formed through buildings designed for places of worship. The temple form is suggested after a system of trial and error. The Agora is the place of gathering for conversation and gossip, as it is an everyday alternative to the acropolis. The “tympanum” is introduced on the pediment and is usually decorated with some sort of hand crafted sculpture, and so is the idea of patterned mosaics and tile work. All of these things relay to us a story of some sort, whether we interpret it correctly or incorrectly.
Lastly we travel to the Roman Empire which was known as the Melting pot for revival. Rome is beautiful and refreshing to us as we find extravagant pleasure of a modern city, a looking forward civilization, horizontal expression over vertical, assimilation and adaption of the locality, and a powerful empire. The interiors are filled with a wide spread use of columns and vaulting as we discover a technological breakthrough with masonry. There are surfaces, not systems, paired with decorative, ostentatious furnishings. As we weave through diverse building types, our world becomes enlightened with architecture and designs order of space.





Although it is not a defined subject that we cover in class, we do use the ideas daily in conversations and otherwise, so I have decided to incorporate it in my essay. During the course of the semester we took a mini pop quiz which required us to write down all of the principles and elements of design that we possibly could. It was quite embarrassing to find out that I could only identify one or two of them, out of the overall ten. Since the quiz I have been working on my memorization of them and trying to relate them to everyday life, and figure out what exactly they mean. I realize that my entire life, I will be working towards figuring these things out, by adding and taking away from this list, but so far, from our compiled list, this is what I have come up with...

ELEMENTS:
Line: a single mark of progression.
Space: the parts between two or more planes.
Form: the shape or flow of a plane.

PRINCIPLES:
Repetition: the repeat of two or more parts.
Contrast: two or more opposing factors.
Emphasis: the importance placed on a certain subject.
Harmony: the perfect balance of a collection.
Balance: equality in weight between parts.
Proportion: relationship of the parts.
Unity: prominent factor; idea of a whole.


image:
http://www.webdesign.org/photoshop/special-effects/design-with-swirls-and-flourishes.15785.html
http://www.vasescandleholdersinfo.com/decorative/5-arranging-flowers-in-a-vase/