This portion of our History and Theory of Design class finished up the Gothic period of architecture and design and throws us into the Renaissance period strongly as we analyze the specifics of it, then on to introduce the Baroque period.
While in Rome, we study the Gothic ideas and revelations which lie within it. As we discover catacombs as the place to practice safe worship, we also find similarities between them and the church with invitational purposes and their greater meanings, looking into depth at the altar. The idea of procession is found, whether it is concentrated on the beginning of life to death, or another analogy. An important strategy of the Gothic movement is that within a single building the entire universe must be expressed. These strategies become an important factor to consider while we see that the Gothic world puts much concentration on verticality, de-materialization, and the story telling potential through glass, and from this we find prototypes all around the world as the cultural and social world unite. Religious aspects are emphasized upon as not only these massive cathedrals fly up everywhere we look, but the rise of the monetary, the convent, and pilgrimage church is very strong. To conclude the Gothic portion of this unit we find strong notions and concepts.
- The main concept is “Ecstasy and Exultation,” which essentially relates to the shaping of space around the light, colors, and amplifiers themselves.
- “Shaping illumination to resemble the divine.”
- All oriented around the same religion, the Gothic cathedrals are primarily in a network, and through adaptations to local positions, we find differences, which essentially push us towards the Renaissance.
Moving onward into the renaissance period we see that the notion of protection is no longer as important, and as it falls away, comfort arises. The Renaissance inhabits no one style, but many, as we discover that there are no rules, boundaries, limits, or laws as to what is acceptable and what is not. It is a revival of the trial and error idea as people find their own identities, and finally start to do things the way they personally like as they break the architectural rules. There is an intent to create new tradition for all as we move into an era where man is the measure of all things. This is when our principles of design, still used today, are not just created for the most part, but installed into our world. Ideas of rhythm, repetition of elements, contrast between two things, and emphasis on borders are applied to building design, and compose some of our other elements such as harmony, unity, balance, and proportion. A name is made for not only each community, but individual, as drastic propositions are taken and create much drama and theatricality. As this theatricality is grasped and enhanced, the Baroque period is born. Life within this period is lived out in theater as is becomes the human environment and is applied to all aspects of design and architectural influence.