Sunday, October 3, 2010
POINT ESSAY. foundations unit. IAR 222
As we travel through Mesopotamia, America, China, and Egypt we find the first signs of architecture the world has to offer us. Humanities first efforts tend to be much the same, no matter where we look upon earths surface. We find that circles, lines, and stacks are all introduced in different forms and ways. All civilizations are putting forth an effort to convey their story, not only within their culture but to all present and future cultures of the world. We find a notion of longevity and stories within the society over many generations. In order to tell these stories visually, mass efforts were put forth through architecture by means of scale. Massive installments were made upon earths surface, with an established vertical axis which was inscribed between humanity and the heavens.
Making our way to Greece, we are able to add an element to our list. Not only do we find balance, although asymmetrical upon the acropolis, we now compile circles, lines, stacks, and form. In Greece, everything seems to lead to, or be a sign to something else. No lines are parallel to one another, and we discover that artfully crafting a building is much more complicated than it may seem. We also find that the center is very important. It is real and ideal. Egypt becomes the prototype for Greece's architecture, as we discover the scheme of porch, court, and hearth. Lines of symmetry are formed through buildings designed for places of worship. The temple form is suggested after a system of trial and error. The Agora is the place of gathering for conversation and gossip, as it is an everyday alternative to the acropolis. The “tympanum” is introduced on the pediment and is usually decorated with some sort of hand crafted sculpture, and so is the idea of patterned mosaics and tile work. All of these things relay to us a story of some sort, whether we interpret it correctly or incorrectly.
Lastly we travel to the Roman Empire which was known as the Melting pot for revival. Rome is beautiful and refreshing to us as we find extravagant pleasure of a modern city, a looking forward civilization, horizontal expression over vertical, assimilation and adaption of the locality, and a powerful empire. The interiors are filled with a wide spread use of columns and vaulting as we discover a technological breakthrough with masonry. There are surfaces, not systems, paired with decorative, ostentatious furnishings. As we weave through diverse building types, our world becomes enlightened with architecture and designs order of space.
Although it is not a defined subject that we cover in class, we do use the ideas daily in conversations and otherwise, so I have decided to incorporate it in my essay. During the course of the semester we took a mini pop quiz which required us to write down all of the principles and elements of design that we possibly could. It was quite embarrassing to find out that I could only identify one or two of them, out of the overall ten. Since the quiz I have been working on my memorization of them and trying to relate them to everyday life, and figure out what exactly they mean. I realize that my entire life, I will be working towards figuring these things out, by adding and taking away from this list, but so far, from our compiled list, this is what I have come up with...
Line: a single mark of progression.
Space: the parts between two or more planes.
Form: the shape or flow of a plane.
Repetition: the repeat of two or more parts.
Contrast: two or more opposing factors.
Emphasis: the importance placed on a certain subject.
Harmony: the perfect balance of a collection.
Balance: equality in weight between parts.
Proportion: relationship of the parts.
Unity: prominent factor; idea of a whole.